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Often Overlooked [but important] Event Goals in Google Analytics

So, the question is why Track Events Goals in Google Analytics?

For one thing, Tracking Event Goals in Google Analytics gives you insights that are valuable and specific to your business.

Furthermore, Events that align with your key business objective are crucial to understanding how users from various sources paid and organic are interacting with your website and moving towards a final conversion.

To clarify, not all KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) translate as a primary conversion.

However, each primary conversion has a series of steps (read KPI) that a user takes to get there.

As a result, this series of steps is where we can extract valuable data.

So what events should we be tracking as goals in Google Analytics?

 

Google Analytics Goals

 

So, Google Analytics has four ways to track goals:

URLs
Time
Pages/visit
Events

In this blog, I will be going over creating goals using Events for our soft conversions and URLs for our primary conversion.

Note: This use case is to give you an introduction to what is possible with Event Goals in Google Analytics but by no means is a steadfast rule to follow.

We will go over setting up these three Google Analytics goal examples:

Scroll tracking from 25% – 100%
Engaged User (Time on site)
Lead (Destination Page)

Note: Events will be set up using the Google Tag Manager (GTM)

 

WTF is the difference between Google Analytics Goals vs Events?

 

giphy 1

 

Google Analytics Events

First, Events are not tied to any specific pages and can occur at multiple time per session.

In addition, Events do not allow you to see conversion data such as conversion rate.

Also, you cannot access Events in standard reports under Goals and Conversions.

To access Event insights you can reference the Behavior report in Google Analytics.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Standard Event Fields Consist of:

Event Category
Event Action
Event Label
Event Value

 

Google Analytics Goals

On the other hand, Goals can be tracked as a conversion so we can see conversion rate and value (if a value is assigned)

Furthermore, Goals are accessible for Standard Google Analytics reports including any attribution reports.

However, unlike Events Goals are tracked only once per session.

You can find Goals under conversions in Google Analytics.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Note: You can only create 20 goals per view in the free version of Google Analytics

Now that we have the differences clarified let’s move on to setting up Event Goals in Google Analytics.

 

How To Set Up Event Goals In Google Analytics

 

To begin, let’s get started with setting up the engaged user event.

Head over to the Google Tag Manager

Under Tags Click New

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Give the Tag a name then Under Tag Configuration select Universal Analytics as the Tag Type.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Change the Track Type from Page View to Event

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

These are the available fields under Event Tracking Parameters

Category
Action
Label
Value

We are going only to use the following:

Category – Engaged User
Action – Timer
Label – 60 Seconds

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Next, select the Enable overriding settings in the tag checkbox and insert your Google Analytics Account ID manually or from a constant variable.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

Setting Up Event Triggers

 

Next, let’s move on to set up the trigger for this event.

Inside the Triggering container Click the GTM Trigger Icon and go to create new Trigger (Look for the + plus symbol in the top right corner)

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Rename it Engaged User and under Trigger Configuration Chose the trigger type called Timer.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Now, configure the trigger to fire after 60 seconds.

To do this enter the time interval in milliseconds.

In this case for 60 Seconds input 60000

Next, set the interval to 1.

Usually, you only want the timer to fire once for each session.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Further down set the trigger conditions to fire on all pages using Regex

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Click Save for the trigger and then again click save for your Tag.

To verify if the tag is setup correctly enable preview.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

and open your website in the same browser instance as GTM.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

If all is working correctly, you should see your timer trigger fire in the preview pane after 60 seconds.

 

Setting up Scroll Depth Events

 

For scroll depth, I like to track an event for the 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% scroll thresholds.

I can then use this to understand how users consume content in an event flow on a landing page.

I can also take the most valuable one, i.e., 75% and turn it into a goal for goal reporting and tracking.

In the past to achieve this, I would have to use custom code and integration, but GTM recently added the scroll depth variables making it easy to track each one of these events without a custom configuration.

First, let us make sure that you have the correct Built-In Variable configured.

Go to Variables and click Configure.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Make sure the Scrolling Variables are selected.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Setting Up The Event Tag

 

Now let’s go back to tags and create a new Universal Analytics tag.

Under Event Tracking Parameters we will add the following values.

Category – Scroll Depth
Action – You can call this scroll or dynamically insert the {{Page Path}}
Label – {{Scroll Depth Threshold}}%

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Next, let’s add the appropriate trigger.

Create a new Trigger with a Trigger Type of Scroll Depth

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Select Vertical Scroll Depths and go with Percentages

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Add 25, 50, 75 100 to the percentages field.

This means we will capture an event at each one of these percentage thresholds.

You can choose to track all pages or only specific ones depending on your requirements.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Save the trigger and save the tag.

Note: Since the scroll tracker fires an event (interaction) for each threshold users with minimal scroll i.e., 25% can skew your bounce rate.

To prevent this, you will want to set the event non-interaction hit to True or use a custom javascript variable to set 25% to True and false for the rest.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Hat Tip to Simo Ahava who breaks down The Scroll Depth Trigger and calls this out.

Ok now that we have engaged user events and scroll depth events firing in GA lets take a look at setting up Goals for these events.

 

Creating the Google Analytic Goals For Engaged User

 

To set up a goal for engaged user go to Admin in your Google Analytics Account and in the third column under View click Goals

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Click +New Goal

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Select Custom under Goal setup and hit Continue

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Give the Goal a Name and Choose Event then click Continue.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Enter the value for the Category as Engaged User exactly matching the same value that you entered for the Event Category in the Google Tag Manager.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

If you can measure an average value for each engaged user enter that or if you are capturing a static or dynamic value in the Event Value field you can refer to that value.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Calculating Static Goal Values

 

For Example (Calculating the Static Value of Goal) with each lead is valued at $10:

 

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If you find this estimate to be static and inaccurate, you can leave this value blank

You can verify the validity of the defined goal for the past seven days of data.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Click Save to complete the setup.

 

Google Analytic Goals For Scroll Depth

 

Ok so for scroll depth we are tracking four events.

However, turning each scroll threshold into a goal might not make a lot of sense unless you have a specific reason to do so.I.e., measuring each scroll threshold as steps in a landing page funnel.

In this case, let’s say that any user scrolling 50% or more of a blog page is considered a valuable and engaged user with whom the content is resonating.

As a result, we will want to capture all scroll depth higher than 50% as a goal.

So to do this navigate to goals in the admin settings and click create new.

Select Custom

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Give the Goal a Name and select Event.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Enter the Category value for Scroll Depth matching the same value that you entered for Category in GTM

Now for the Label enter 50% so that we capture all users scrolling at least halfway down the page.

 

 

When we define the label this way we are capturing all users that are scrolling past the 50% threshold.

Click Save

Note: Sometimes seeing events in Google Analytics can be useful to verify that they are actively working.

 

How To View Events in Google Analytics

There are two places you can view events in Google Analytics

  1. Real-Time > Events report – This is great to see events firing in real time.
  2. Behavior > Events > Top Events – If you want to see historical event data. Keep in mind that there can be a lag before recent events show in this report.

 

Google Analytic Goals For Lead (Destination)

 

In order to set this up, we could Technically use GTM and leverage Event Goals in Google Analytics.

However, I wanted to provide an example of setting up goals directly in Google Analytics using URLs.

To begin, go to goals under admin settings and click New Goal.

Give the Goal a name and select destination.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Next enter the confirmation page path, i.e., /thankyou.html

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

You can assign a monetary value to each lead and also enable funnels based on pages visited.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Click Save

Notes:

Funnels can be useful since it activates the visual funnel in Google Analytics under conversions.

 

Event Goals in Google Analytics

 

Although funnels are limited to page URLs ( you can only create a funnel off of events in Google 360), there is a workaround by firing virtual pageviews on event triggers. Kissmetrics describes the set up for this in How to Set Up Virtual Pageviews in Google Analytics

 

Conclusion

 

The data-driven nature of the web has given us the ability to track many actions and use these to improve our campaigns.

Event Goals in Google Analytics provides you with valuable business insights by:

Tracking key actions and identifying performance trends
Understanding a users path to conversions via event and/or goal funnels
Deeper user behavior insights (past the basic GA data) such as scroll tracking

Although relatively simple to set up Event Goals in Google Analytics are often overlooked.

So, how have you used events and goals to track the progress of your business? Tell us in the comments!

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This is seriously badass. Thanks for writing it. Researching it. Making it easier for us marketers to do our jobs.
Brilliant work!

Reply

You are welcome Dave! Glad you found it useful more content on the way 🙂

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